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Desert Fivespot
Eremalche rotundifolia
About Desert Fivespot (Eremalche rotundifolia) 0 Nurseries Carry This Plant Desert Five-spot (Eremalche rotundifolia), is a flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, native to the Sonoran and Mojave Desert in the southwestern United States, where it is found between 50 and 1,500 meter altitude, most frequently in sandy and rocky washes and usually in gravelly alkaline soils.

It can be found in Anza-Borrego Desert State Park and in Death Valley National Park in southern California. It is an annual plant growing to 8-60 centimeter tall, with rounded leaves 1.5-6 centimeter broad with a toothed margin. The flowers are beautiful rose-pink to lilac with five petals, each with a dark red spot at the base. The flowers close up at night and open back up again in the morning.

Plant Desert Fivespot in fast draining alkaline soil. It apparently does not grow well in containers.

This plant should not be confused with the non-desert Fivespot (Nemophila maculata), which is white with purple spots, grows in the Sierra mountains and is often included wildflower mixes.
To learn more, visit the Jepson Herbarium's YouTube channel and watch a short video about this species:
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Annual herb

0.26 - 2 ft tall

Flower Color
Flower Color
Pink, Red

Wildlife Supported


Landscaping Information
Full Sun

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Dry desert

Annual Precipitation: 1.9" - 11.0", Summer Precipitation: 0.28" - 1.89", Coldest Month: 42.4" - 63.3", Hottest Month: 65.2" - 91.0", Humidity: 2.06" - 49.28", Elevation: -280" - 6537"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Desert Five-spot

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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