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California Bedstraw
Galium californicum
About California Bedstraw (Galium californicum) 0 Nurseries Carry This Plant Galium californicum is a species of flowering plant in the coffee family known by the common name California bedstraw. The plant is endemic to California. It grows mainly in moist, shady habitats in hills and mountainous areas, often within the California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion. Galium californicum is a variable plant in the form of a small perennial herb to a sprawling woody-based shrub approaching 1 metre (3. 3 ft) in height. Its stems and small oval-shaped leaves are hairy. The plant is dioecious with male plants producing small clusters of staminate flowers and female plants producing solitary flowers. Both types of flower are generally dull yellow. The fruit is a berry covered in soft hairs. Subspecies. Seven subspecies of Galium californicum, all endemic to California, are currently recognized: Galium californicum subsp. californicum - California bedstraw - endemic to the Santa Lucia Mountains of the Outer South California Coast Ranges. Galium californicum subsp. flaccidum - endemic to the Santa Lucia Mountains of the Outer South California Coast Ranges, Outer and Inner North California Coast Ranges, and San Francisco Bay Area. Galium californicum subsp. luciense - Cone Peak bedstraw - endemic to the Santa Lucia Mountains, on the Central Coast of California; CNPS rare species. Galium californicum subsp. maritimum - Coastal California bedstraw - endemic to Outer South California Coast Ranges, San Francisco Peninsula to Southern California. Galium californicum subsp. miguelense - San Miguel Island bedstraw - endemic to San Miguel Island of the northern Channel Islands, Southern California; CNPS rare species. Galium californicum subsp. primum - endemic to the San Jacinto Mountains and Chino Hills, Riverside County, California; State threatened species. Galium californicum subsp. sierrae - El Dorado bedstraw - endemic to the Sierra Nevada foothills in El Dorado County; State rare species, federal endangered species.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Perennial herb

3.3 ft tall

Wildlife Supported

Butterflies & moths hosted ( 9 likely * ) SHOW ALL
Epirrhoe plebeculata Image
Epirrhoe plebeculataEpirrhoe plebeculata
Orthonama obstipata Image
The Gem Orthonama obstipataOrthonama obstipata
Eupithecia subfuscata Image
Gray Pug Eupithecia subfuscataEupithecia subfuscata
Zenophleps lignicolorata Image
Zenophleps lignicolorataZenophleps lignicolorata

Landscaping Information
Natural Setting
Annual Precipitation: 11.4" - 95.2", Summer Precipitation: 0.15" - 2.22", Coldest Month: 35.6" - 54.2", Hottest Month: 58.2" - 78.0", Humidity: 0.08" - 24.88", Elevation: -62" - 7311"

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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