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Matchweed
Gutierrezia sarothrae
  
About Matchweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae) 3 Nurseries Carry This Plant Gutierrezia sarothrae is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family known by the common names broom snakeweed and perennial matchweed. It is native to much of the western half of North America, from central Canada to northern Mexico. It can be found in a number of desert, grassland, and mountain habitats. This is a small, dense, bushy subshrub reaching maximum heights around half a meter. The multibranched stems and twigs are greenish or tan when young and age to woody brown. There are scattered narrow to thready leaves along the branches. The plant flowers abundantly in flower clusters of a few flowers each. The flower is about a centimeter long and bright golden yellow with a center of a few long, protruding disc florets and a fringe of ray florets. The plant is toxic to livestock in large quantities, due mainly to the presence of saponins and concentrated selenium.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub

Size
Size
1.5 - 2 ft tall

Form
Form
Upright

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Moderate

Flower Color
Flower Color
Yellow, Brown

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Summer

Wildlife Supported
 


 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 1 confirmed , 8 likely * ) SHOW ALL

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Full Sun

Moisture
Moisture
Extremely Low, Very Low

Nurseries
Nurseries

Soil Description
Soil Description
Adaptable, tolerant of sand, loam and clay

Propagation
Propagation?
For propagating by seed: No treatment.

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
7*, 8*, 9*, 10*, 11*, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17, 18*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Grassy places, deserts and s

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 3.5" - 41.8", Summer Precipitation: 0.16" - 4.41", Coldest Month: 22.0" - 58.3", Hottest Month: 41.4" - 87.0", Humidity: 0.94" - 41.88", Elevation: 19" - 11854"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Broom Snakeweed, Broomsnakeweed, Broomweed, Perennial Matchweed, Perennial Snakeweed, Stinkweed, Turpentine Weed


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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