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Squaw Apple
Peraphyllum ramosissimum
About Squaw Apple (Peraphyllum ramosissimum) 0 Nurseries Carry This Plant Peraphyllum is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the rose family containing the single species Peraphyllum ramosissimum, commonly known as the squaw apple or wild crab apple. It is a shrub which may reach 3 meters in height and bears small pomes about a centimeter wide. Peraphyllum is most closely related to Amelanchier, Malacomeles, Crataegus, and Mespilus Squaw apple grows in California, Oregon, Idaho, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico usually in pine and juniper woodlands. In California it can be found in the High Cascades, High Sierra Nevada, and Great Basin. Translated from the Greek, the genus Peraphyllum means "very leafy" and the species name ramosissimum means "many branches".
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type

3.3 - 10 ft tall

Wildlife Supported

Butterflies & moths hosted ( 1 confirmed ) SHOW ALL

Landscaping Information
Full Sun, Part Shade

Common uses
Common uses

For propagating by seed: 3 mos. stratification. Sporadic germination occurs during this period; remove and pot germinating seeds biweekly (USDA Forest Service 1974).

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
1, 2*, 3*, 7*, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18*, 19, 20, 21

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Dry washes

Annual Precipitation: 6.0" - 25.5", Summer Precipitation: 0.53" - 3.30", Coldest Month: 30.8" - 44.4", Hottest Month: 54.9" - 75.5", Humidity: 1.03" - 26.89", Elevation: 3329" - 8038"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Wild Crab Apple

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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