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Hickory Pine
Pinus longaeva
About Hickory Pine (Pinus longaeva) 1 Nurseries Carry This Plant Pinus longaeva, the Great Basin Bristlecone Pine, is a long-living species of tree found in the higher mountains of the southwest United States. The species is one of three closely related trees known as bristlecone pines and is sometimes known as the Intermountain or Western bristlecone pine. It is a medium-size tree, reaching 5 to 15 meter (16 to 49 feet) tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 2.5 to 3.6 meter (8 feet 2 inches to 11 feet 10 inches) in diameter. The bark is bright orange-yellow, thin and scaly at the base of the trunk. The leaves ('needles') are in fascicles of five, stout, 2.5 to 4 centimeter (0.98 to 1.6 inches) long, deep green to blue-green on the outer face, with stomata confined to a bright white band on the inner surfaces. The leaves show the longest persistence of any plant, with some remaining green for 45 years (Ewers & Schmid 1981).
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type

16.4 - 52 ft tall

Wildlife Supported

Landscaping Information
Full Sun, Part Shade


Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Prune in winter when wood boring insects are less active.

For propagating by seed: Fresh seeds need no treatment; stored seeds 1 mo. stratification may improve germination ( USDA Forest Service 1974).

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Mountain tops, slopes, mesas

Annual Precipitation: 9.9" - 32.8", Summer Precipitation: 1.51" - 4.46", Coldest Month: 20.6" - 37.0", Hottest Month: 38.7" - 60.0", Humidity: 1.94" - 16.35", Elevation: 6776" - 12721"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Great Basin Bristlecone Pine

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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