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Plant type

Tree

Size

35 - 90 ft Tall

Form

Pyramidal

Growth rate

Fast

Color

Orange

Flowering season

Spring

Common uses

Containers, Deer resistant

The Bishop Pine (Pinus muricata) is a pine with a very restricted range: mostly California, USA, including some offshore islands, and a few locations in Baja California, Mexico, and always on or near the coast, from Trinidad Head in Humboldt County, California south to San Vicente in Baja California. The mature trees grow to a height of 15-25 meter, rarely up to 34 meter, with a trunk diameter of up to 1.2 meter. The species is often smaller, stunted and twisted in coastal exposures. It is drought-tolerant and grows on dry, rocky soil. P. muricata has been used in plantations with resultant growth rates higher than in the wild, but with adverse impacts to biodiversity. The common name Bishop Pine resulted from the tree having been first identified near the Mission of San Luis Obispo. This tree has a large number of common names and other prior scientific names, due primarily to numerous variant forms. Other English names that have occasionally been used are: Obispo Pine, Santa Cruz Pine, Dwarf Marine Pine, and Pricklecone Pine.

Sun

Full Sun, Partial Shade

Water

Low, Moderate

Ease of care

Moderate

Soil drainage

Fast,Medium,Slow

Soil description

Tolerates a variety of soils types.

Propagation

For propagating by seed: Fresh seeds need no treatment; stored seeds 1 mo. stratification (USDA Forest Service 1974).

Sunset Zones

5*, 14, 15*, 16*, 17*, 22, 23, 24*

Birds
Caterpillars
Pollinators

Butterflies and moths supported

3 confirmed and 72 likely

Confirmed Likely

Common Gray|Cranberry Spanworm

Anavitrinella pampinaria

Monterey Pine Needle Miner

Argyresthia pilatella

Orange Tortrix Moth

Argyrotaenia franciscana

Western Pine Elfin

Callophrys eryphon

Plant communities

Closed-cone Pine Forest,