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Carried by 3 nurseries
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Plant type



40 - 223 ft Tall
7 ft Wide


Rounded, Upright Columnar

Growth rate

Fast, Moderate







Flowering season


Common uses

Containers, Deer resistant

Pinus ponderosa, commonly known as the Ponderosa Pine, Bull Pine, Blackjack Pine, or Western Yellow Pine, is a widespread and variable pine native to western North America. It was first described by David Douglas in 1826, from eastern Washington near present-day Spokane. It is a dominant tree in the Kuchler plant association Ponderosa shrub forest. Like most western pines, the ponderosa is associated with mountainous topography. It is found on the Black Hills and on foothills and mid-height peaks of the northern, central and southern Rocky Mountains as well as the Cascades and Sierra Nevada. Modern forestry research identifies four different taxa of Ponderosa Pine, with differing botanical characters and adapted to different climatic conditions. These have been termed "geographic races" in forestry literature, while some botanists historically treated them as distinct species. In modern botanical usage, they best match the rank of subspecies, but not all of the relevant botanical combinations have been formally published.


Partial Shade


Low, Very Low

Summer irrigation

Max 1x / month once established

Ease of care


Cold tolerance

Tolerates cold to -10° F

Soil drainage


Soil description

Prefers sandy or loamy soils. Does not grow well in clay soils..
Soil PH: 5 - 7


For propagating by seed: Fresh seeds need no treatment; stored seeds 1-2 mos. stratification ( USDA Forest Service 1974).

Sunset Zones

1, 2*, 3*, 4*, 5*, 6*, 7*, 8, 9, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17, 18*, 19

Buck Brush (Ceanothus cuneatus), sagebrush (Artemesia), oaks, snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus), bushy bluestem (Andropogon glomeratus), Rocky Mountain fescue (Festuca saximontana).

Bushy Bluestem

Andropogon glomeratus

Buck Brush

Ceanothus cuneatus

Rocky Mountain Fescue

Festuca saximontana

Common Snowberry

Symphoricarpos albus


Butterflies and moths supported

23 confirmed and 83 likely

Confirmed Likely

Acleris bowmanana

Common Gray|Cranberry Spanworm

Anavitrinella pampinaria

Monterey Pine Needle Miner

Argyresthia pilatella

Argyrotaenia dorsalana

Site type

In pure stands or in mixed-conifer forests in the mountains, mainly in inland and drier areas.

Plant communities

Yellow Pine Forest,