Advanced Search Map Locator
View Settings
Nurseries Carrying this Plant Add Current Plant To List Edit Current Plant
Show all Photos

About Calscape Nurseries
California Garden Planner Bay Area Garden Planner (NEW) Planting Guide
Butterflies My Plant Lists
Contact Calscape
Tap map to see plants native to location
Order by Popularity Order by Common Name Order by Scientific Name Order by # of Butterflies Hosted
Show nursery cultivars Hide nursery cultivars
Show plants not in nurseries Hide plants not in nurseries
Grid view Text view
Western Douglas Fir
Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii
About Western Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii) 1 Nurseries Carry This Plant Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii, also known as coast Douglas-fir, Oregon pine, or Douglas spruce, is an evergreen conifer native to western North America from west-central British Columbia, Canada southward to central California, United States. In Oregon and Washington its range is continuous from the Cascades crest west to the Pacific Coast Ranges and Pacific Ocean. In California, it is found in the Klamath and California Coast Ranges as far south as the Santa Lucia Mountains with a small stand as far south as the Purisima Hills, Santa Barbara County. In the Sierra Nevada it ranges as far south as the Yosemite region. It occurs from near sea level along the coast to 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) in the California Mountains. Further inland, coast Douglas-fir is replaced by Rocky Mountain or interior Douglas-fir (P. menziesii var. glauca). Interior Douglas-fir intergrades with coast Douglas-fir in the Cascades of northern Washington and southern British Columbia. Coast Douglas-fir is currently the second-tallest conifer in the world (after coast redwood), and the third-tallest of all trees (after that and Eucalyptus regnans). Currently, coast Douglas-fir trees 60-75 metres (197-246 ft) or more in height and 1. 5-2 metres (4. 9-6. 6 ft) in diameter are common in old growth stands, and maximum heights of 100-120 metres (330-390 ft) and diameters up to 4. 5-6 metres (15-20 ft) have been documented. The tallest living specimen is the "Doerner Fir", (previously known as the Brummit fir), 99. 76 m (327. 3 ft) tall, at East Fork Brummit Creek in Coos County, Oregon, the stoutest is the "Queets Fir", 4. 85 m (15. 9 ft) diameter, in the Queets River valley, Olympic National Park, Washington. Coast Douglas-fir commonly lives more than 500 years and occasionally more than 1,000 years.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type

196.9 - 246.1 ft tall


Wildlife Supported

Landscaping Information
Part Shade


Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
2, 3, 4*, 5*, 6*, 7, 14, 15*, 16*, 17*

Natural Setting
Annual Precipitation: 5.2" - 154.5", Summer Precipitation: 0.20" - 6.04", Coldest Month: 27.8" - 51.4", Hottest Month: 48.9" - 80.8", Humidity: 0.01" - 25.82", Elevation: 9" - 10194"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Douglas-spruce, False Hemlock, Oregon Pine, Red-fir, Western Douglas-fir

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

Sign in to your Calscape Account X

Once signed in, you'll be able to access any previously saved plant lists or create new ones.

Email Address

Sign In