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Plant type

Tree, Shrub

Size

3 - 12 ft Tall
3 - 12 ft Wide

Form

Mounding

Growth rate

Slow

Dormancy

Evergreen

Fragrance

None

Color

Cream, Green

Flowering season

Spring

Common uses

Bank stabilization, Hedge

Quercus durata (California Scrub Oak, Leather Oak; syn. Quercus dumosa revoluta Sarg.) is an oak endemic to California. This plant is classified as one of the shrub oaks due to its smaller size. It often used as an urban tree and medicinal plant. In the wild, Quercus durata usually grows in serpentine soils, often with manzanita in the chaparral of the Coast Ranges from Klamath to San Luis Obispo. There are outlying populations in the Sierras and the San Gabriel Mountains. CNPS considers the San Gabriel population to be a rare variety. In the garden this plant does not require serpentine soil and can tolerate garden soil as well as drought and clay-rich soils. However, it is best adapted to relatively dry, rocky, nutrient-poor soil. Most individuals remain short, under 15 feet, and have small, densely organized leaves.

Sun

Full Sun

Water

Low, Very Low

Summer irrigation

Max 2x / month once established

Ease of care

Moderate

Cold tolerance

Tolerates cold to -5° F

Soil drainage

Medium

Soil description

Although often found in serpentine soil, it is tolerant of other soils as long as nutrient level is low and drainage is adequate. Tolerates serpentine soil..
Soil PH: 6.0 - 7.0

Propagation

From acorns.  For propagating by seed: Fresh seeds sow in fall outdoors or stratify to hold for spring sowing. (USDA Forest Service 1974).

Use with other plants of the mountainous chaparral and woodlands, such as Madrone (Arbutus menziesii), Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), Manzanita (Arctostaphylos spp.), Ceanothus spp., Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia), Laurel Sumac (Malosma laurina), various annuals and geophytes.

Pacific Madrone

Arbutus menziesii

Toyon

Heteromeles arbutifolia

Laurel Sumac

Malosma laurina

Coast Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens

Caterpillars
Pollinators

Butterflies and moths supported

2 confirmed and 166 likely

Confirmed Likely

Abagrotis baueri

Sallow Button

Acleris hastiana

Acrobasis caliginella

Acrobasis comptella

Site type

Typically found as part of chaparral in rocky, foothill or mountainous areas

Plant communities

Chaparral, Foothill Woodland,