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Huckleberry
Vaccinium ovatum
  
About Huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum) 21 Nurseries Carry This Plant Huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum) is a native shrub in the Ericaceae (Heath) family that grows along the coast primarily in northern and central California, and northward into Canada. It is slow growing and long-lived. It grows in an upright form to a height of 8 feet, with active growth during the spring and summer. The urn-shaped flowers (typical of Ericaceae) are white and bloom all through spring. Fruits are blue or black and edible but best left for the wildlife. Leaves are medium green, and remain on the plant throughout the year. New growth in spring is red. It tends to grow in wet meadows and slopes, at elevations from sea level to 2,600 feet.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub

Size
Size
1.6 - 8 ft tall
15 ft wide

Form
Form
Upright, Spreading

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Slow

Dormancy
Dormancy
Evergreen

Flower Color
Flower Color
White, Blue, Black

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Spring, Winter

Wildlife Supported
 
Hummingbirds are attracted to the flowers and many other birds are attracted to the fruits

 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 4 confirmed , 50 likely * ) SHOW ALL
Cameraria nemoris Image
Cameraria nemorisCameraria nemoris
Lotisma trigonana Image
Lotisma trigonanaLotisma trigonana
Eucalantica polita Image
Eucalantica politaEucalantica polita

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Part Shade, Full Sun

Moisture
Moisture
Low

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 3x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to 10° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast, Medium, Slow

Soil Description
Soil Description
Tolerates sand and clay, usually low in organic content. Soil PH: 4.8 - 6.8

Common uses
Common uses
Hedges, Deer Resistant, Butterfly Gardens

Maintenance
Maintenance
Vaccinium ovatum may harbor Phytophthora ramorum which causes Sudden Oak Death. Use caution in planting this species with oaks or near oak woodlands.

Propagation
Propagation?
For propagating by seed: No treatment; 1-2 mos. Stratification may improve germination. Sow on milled sphagnum moss or peat moss and sand mix. Also may be propagated by cuttings or layering.

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
4*, 5*, 6, 7, 14, 15*, 16*, 17, 22, 23, 24

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Edges or clearings in forest and woodland

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 11.7" - 117.7", Summer Precipitation: 0.15" - 3.43", Coldest Month: 37.3" - 54.0", Hottest Month: 56.4" - 77.0", Humidity: 0.01" - 24.20", Elevation: -261" - 4617"

Alternative Names
Common Names: California Huckleberry, Evergreen Huckleberry


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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